Kobee’s Glossary (Book 1)…
Atlantic Ocean: Body of salt water separating North America and South America from Europe and Asia.
Bay: A body of water mostly surrounded by land.
Blue Spring State Park: A Florida state park which includes the largest warm spring located along the St. Johns River. The park is a manatee refuge in the winter which includes a growing population of West Indian Manatees.
Buoyancy: The process of a body to float or rise in water or fluid.
Cape Cod Bay: A body of water adjacent to the state of Massachusetts on its west. Cape Cod, Massachusetts borders its east and south, while Massachusetts Bay borders its north.
Chesapeake Bay Bridge: This impressive structure is considered one of the seven engineering wonders of the world. It opened on April 15, 1964. The bridge also has two tunnels and spans 17.6 miles. It stretches from Cape Charles, Virginia to Norfolk, Virginia. You can visit a restaurant and a gift shop there.
Estuary: A body of water where the tide meets a river.
Hermit Crab: A variety of small crabs living in custom fitting shells which they find. As the crab grows, it looks for a larger shell to call its home.
Jacksonville, Florida: It’s the largest Florida city with approximately 1 million people. Miami is the second largest city and Tampa is the third largest city in Florida.
Lagoon: A shallow area of water, a pond, a channel, near a large body of water.
Mammal: Any type of warm-blooded vertebrates including human beings, along with other animals that feed their young with milk produced in mammary glands. They also have skin that can be covered with hair.
Manatee: A mammal living in tropical waters which eats only plants (herbivore). Manatees are sometimes referred to as sea cows. The West Indian manatee is divided into 2 subspecies, the Florida manatee and the Antillean manatee. The West Indian manatee belongs to the scientific order Sirenia. Other sirenians include; the Amazonian manatee, the Dugong, the West African manatee, and the Steller’s sea cow which became extinct in 1768 from hunting it.
The average adult manatee is 10 feet long and weighs between 800 to 1,200 pounds. However, some can get as long as 13 feet and weigh 3,500 pounds! Manatee births usually contain one calf. Its average weight is 66 pounds and its length is about of 47 inches. A manatee’s gestation period is about one year. A male manatee is called a “bull.” A female manatee is called a “cow.”
River: A body of streaming fresh water larger than a brook or creek.
Save the Manatee Club: Save the Manatee Club is an award-winning international nonprofit membership-based organization headquartered in Maitland, Florida. It was established in 1981 by renowned singer/songwriter, Jimmy Buffett and former U.S. Senator, Bob Graham, when he was governor of Florida. The club’s mission is to protect threatened manatees and their aquatic habitat for future generations.
Seagrass: Grass-like flowering plants living in submerged marine waters. There are 52 types of seagrass worldwide. Florida has 7 types of seagrass including; turtle grass, manatee grass, paddle-grass and star grass. The state has 2.2 million acres of seagrass.
Seahorse: A unique fish that has a horse-like face and swims upright. They are found in tropical and temperate waters. They are poor swimmers and attach their tail to underwater plants for stability. They range in size from 0.6 inches to 14 inches.
Shark: They’ve been here for 400 million years, even before dinosaurs. Sharks belong to the class of fish, Chondrichthyes. Most sharks are meat eaters (carnivores). They have the strongest jaws on the planet. Sharks can grow 20,000 teeth during their lifetime. The mako shark is probably the fastest swimming fish, clocked at 43mph. The most dangerous sharks are; the great white, the tiger shark, and the bull shark. The largest living shark is the whale shark at 50 feet long. The smallest shark is the dwarf lantern shark at about 7 inches long.
St. Johns River: The longest river in Florida, stretching 310 miles. It’s also one of a handful of rivers in the United States that actually flows north.